Paul issued two admonitions in light of believers' true freedom in Christ: 1. that they persevere (cf. 14For the whole Law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement, “YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.” 15But if you bite and devour one another, take care that you are not consumed by one another. ▣ "kindness, goodness" "Kindness" describes not only the life of Jesus, but His yoke (cf. It is only supported by the Greek manuscript D, Codex Bezea, which is from the sixth century a.d. He has earned degrees from East Texas Baptist College, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, and Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and has done post-graduat... More, 5:3 "he is under obligation to keep the whole Law", 5:4 "who are seeking to be justified by law", 5:5 "For we through the Spirit, by faith", ▣ "are waiting for the hope of righteousness", ▣ "then the stumbling-block of the cross has been abolished", 5:13 "For you were called to freedom, brethren", ▣ "and you will not carry out the desires of the flesh", 5:19 "Now the deeds of the flesh are evident", ▣ "of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God", 5:24 "those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh", 5:25 "If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit", 4. Galatians 5:5 Context. v. 22). It is a point and a process, both of which involve grace and faith. 8:16-25). 22But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. We must also resist wasting our freedom on serving our sinful desires instead of serving others in love. This verse, in tandem with I John 5:16, is the source of the Roman Catholic distinction between mortal and venial sins. v. 4). We are free from the power of sin. He contrasts here the “works of the flesh”—which are sinful (Gal 5:19-21)—with the “fruit of the Spirit,” against which is no law (5:22-23). We are bidden "to stir up the gift that is in us;" we are told to "grow in grace." v. 16; Rom. Here it describes the believer's new relationship with people, especially believers. Peace with God brings peace within and without (i.e., covenant brothers and sisters). This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. 2:13, and II Thess. Read the chapter in one sitting. 16:6,32). It is not enough for us to have been born again of Water and the Holy Ghost, and to have received the Gifts of the Spirit from time to time through the different means of grace. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 5:16-24 16But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire of the flesh. NASB"You have been severed from Christ"NKJV"You have become estranged from Christ"NRSV"You. 5:23 "gentleness" Sometimes translated as "meekness," praotes is characterized by a submissive spirit. 5:9. It summarizes the entire section (cf. John 15) or product of the Spirit. A. One cannot mix them as a basis of salvation as Gal. Mark 1:15; Acts 3:16,19; 20:21). 3 For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. In Galatians 5:4, the context is Paul’s warning against mixing law and the Gospel to attain justification. "The Fruit of the Spirit is all Goodness" (Gal. 4:1; 9:3; I Cor. Chapter 5 addresses this moral imperative. The righteous man is the man of stiff, inflexible uprightness; but he may be. Paul uniquely understood the problems of self-effort (i.e., vv. It is known from history that the cult of Cybele, which was present in the province of Galatia, castrated all of their priests (eunuchs). Shedd—Sermons to the Natural Man, Walking with God. The issue was not circumcision but how a person is brought into right standing with God (cf. In these verses, Paul is confronting Peter, the disciple of Jesus, over the issue of Peter's hypocrisy centering around Peter's return to the law to be justified (declared righteous) before God after learning about and living under grace as the means of justification. As in Gal. We are bidden "to stir up the gift that is in us;" we are told to "grow in grace." 1 Brethren, even if a man be overtaken in any trespass, ye who are spiritual, restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness; looking to thyself, lest thou also be tempted. 24Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. The immediate context of Galatians 2:20 is a set of verses beginning with Galatians 2:11 and ending with Galatians 2:21. ▣ "but through love serve one another" This verb is present active imperative. He is married to the former Peggy Rutta and they have three children and six grandchildren. This kind of sexual activity knew no bounds or social inhibitions. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Apostle Paul is expressing his emotion of shock as a result of the spiritual misbehaviour of his audience. 5:13 "For you were called to freedom, brethren" This begins a new stage of the argument. Scribes may have added it from Rom. Matt. Paul presented the two supposed ways of being saved: (1) human effort; and (2) God's free grace in Christ. This beautiful fruit is in lovely harmony with the gentle month of which it is the keynote. Those who are truly redeemed still struggle with sin, but their lives are not characterized by sin (cf. As believers must yield in repentance and faith to salvation, they must yield in repentance and faith to the ongoing leadership of the Holy Spirit in their daily lives. It is the context of such an extended argument in his letter to Galatians that he speaks about the Spirit’s fruit. Paragraphing is not inspired but it is the key to following the original author's intent which is the heart of interpretation. 6:10). Rom. This Greek verb (an aorist passive indicative of katargeō) is translated in many ways: (1) to render useless; (2) to render powerless; (3) to render unproductive; (4) unprofitable; (5) empty; (6) cancel; (7) make null and void; (8) bring to an end; (9) annihilate; or (10) sever from. 2Behold I, Paul, say to you that if you receive circumcision, Christ will be of no benefit to you. Today most legalism within the church relates to the Christian life (cf. Reviewed in … 12:21). 6:9-10; Eph. 4:4-7), 3. This same truth is expressed in Rom. 2:1-4). v. 22). 4:19; John 16:8-13). 26 Let us not become vainglorious, provoking one another, envying one another. The new life in Christ is not the basis of one's right standing with God, but the evidence of it. 1:2; 1 Corinthians 16:1). This means that for a period of time the churches of Galatia were doing so well in Christian maturity. And we, on our part, have only to get into a right relationship with Him, and we shall see His power being demonstrated in our hearts and lives and service, and His victorious life will …Roy Hession and Revel Hession—The Calvary Road, "The fruit of the Spirit is all goodness" (Gal. Whatever the background, Paul was declaring the Judaizers to be inconsistent, because if he preached circumcision they should have enthusiastically accepted him, but since they were persecuting him, it is a good evidence that he was not advocating circumcision for Gentiles. The Judaizers were concerned that the Gentile Christians would not conform to their conceptions of Mosaic godliness, therefore, they tried to force the OT regulations upon them. 3:6; Titus 3:3). Do verses 19-21 describe the churches of Galatia or the tendency of pagan worship? This is often characterized as "death to self." I, Paul, tell you this: If you are counting on circumcision to make you right with God, then Christ will be of no benefit to you. The Judaizers were asserting human effort in both salvation and the Christian life, but Paul asserted God's supernatural provision in both. 16. A Christian man is the most dutiful servant of all, subject to all." Winston Churchill described the valiant effort of the poorly armed Poles: They were heavily outclassed in artillery, and had but a single armoured brigade to meet the nine German Panzers, as they were already called. Once we accept God's free offer of grace in Christ as our only means of salvation, we decisively cut ourselves off from the evil of our fallen nature and the fallen world system. 36:26,27). Faith is primary. 4:2-3), especially believers (cf. I John 3:6,9). 8This persuasion did not come from Him who calls you. 14:17; I Thess. We must not use our freedom as a license for indulging the sinful passions of fallen human nature (cf. 5:7 "who" The singular pronoun used of a false teacher is also found in v. 7 and twice in v. 10. The individual members are not isolated graces, but all connected, springing from one root and constituting an organic whole. "Walk in the Spirit." This does not imply that the Galatians were not personally responsible, but that they had been influenced. 4:1,17; 5:2,15-21). He was especially fond of "running" (cf. 18 But if ye are led by the Spirit, ye are not under the law. Pray that the power of the Holy …Andrew Murray—The Ministry of Intercession, BrokennessWe want to be very simple in this matter of Revival. A primary idea in Galatians was that the Spirit is He who brings initial salvation. ▣ "that you will adopt no other view" See note at 4:12. In regard to being under the Law, Paul clearly includes Gentiles as being under the Law in some sense. 11:29-30). SPECIAL TOPIC: VICES AND VIRTUES IN THE NT, NASB"immorality, impurity"NKJV"fornication, uncleanness"NRSV"fornication, impurity"TEV"immoral, filthy"NJB"fornication, gross indecency". The early communities had apostolic teaching; but beyond that, they seem to have been in no respect above, and in many respects below, the level of subsequent ages. The second term [akatharsia], "impurity," is also a general term for sexual immorality, though originally used in the OT in the sense of ceremonial uncleanliness or moral uncleanliness. These phrases are placed first in the Greek sentence for emphasis. Explain freedom and what it means in the Christian life. In context, this is a passage that is contrasting the Old Testament Law of Moses with the New Covenant Law of Christ - for in bearing one another's burdens we are, in fact, fulfilling the Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus. NASB"Behold I, Paul, say to you"NKJV"Indeed I, Paul, say to you"NRSV"Listen! (Galatians 5:17) Show answer 15. The severity of punishment for those who lead God's new believers astray can be seen in Matt. Rom. This is the context of Galatians 5:1. S. Paul says, "Walk in the Spirit;" he does not say, stand still. 5:9. 3:3), is also that which is perfected by the Spirit (cf. 3 For if a man thinketh himself to be something when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. ▣ "self-control" The capstone of the list, self-control characterizes Christlike maturity (cf. 4You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace. Galatians 5:1, ESV: "For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery." NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 5:13-15 13For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. 5:43-48; 22:39 and in Mark 12:29-31; Luke 10:25-28. 6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision has any value. It is also interesting to note that fruit is singular in this verse. 18But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law. Love here is theologically analogous to hesed (BDB 338), God's covenant loyalty and love, in the OT. 6:19; James 1:25; 2:8,12). 14:1-15:13. Rom. v. 6; I Cor. 12:7,11), the fruit is another metaphor to describe the motives, attitudes and lifestyle of Jesus Christ. NASB"therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery"NKJV"Stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not be entangled again with a yoke of bondage"TEV"Stand, then, as free men, and do not allow yourselves to become slaves again"NRSV, JB"Stand firm therefore, and refuse to submit again to the yoke of slavery". These verses warn that though Christians could sin in these areas and still be saved, if their lives are characterized or dominated by these sins, they have not really become new creatures in Christ (I John 3:6,9). 5:24 "those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh" This is aorist active indicative which speaks of completed action in past time. The Christian life and eternal salvation are of supernatural origin. This is the imperative form of "behold" with the strong, personal pronoun (egō). Their horse cavalry, of which they had twelve brigades, charged valiantly against the swarming tanks and armoured … 2:4 and Romans 6, especially v. 11). 13:33). 5:10 "I have confidence in you" This is a perfect active indicative which implies that Paul has, in the past, and continues to have, confidence in the Galatian Christians (cf. Paul’s letter to Galatians is an ancient letter, written mid first century AD, which makes it almost 2000 years old. 3:1) given by the Judaizers. His gospel was a call to freedom, but not a freedom that leads to licensed excess (i.e., vv. ▣ "with its passions and desires" The Greeks identified the body as the source of sinfulness because they did not have supernatural revelation about creation and the fall of mankind (cf. Gentleness was not included in the Greek or Stoic lists of virtues, because the Greeks saw it as a weakness. Explain the contextual meaning of the concluding phrase of verse 4. Phil. NASB"but the one who is disturbing you shall bear his judgment, whoever he is"NKJV"but he who troubles you shall bear his judgment, whoever he is"NRSV"But whoever it is that is confusing you will pay the penalty"TEV"and that the man who is upsetting you, whoever he is, will be punished by God"NJB"and anybody who troubles you in the future will be condemned, no matter who he is". 4:7). The life of a Christian must be one of progress. A rhetorical overview against the backdrop of Pauline Biography See Special Topic at 3:17. 9:21 and James 1:25; 2:8,12. This does not imply that Christians will not sin (cf. However, the gospel of the crucified Christ shows that it is a personal relationship with Christ by faith which leads to a life of godliness through gratitude. This term is used regularly in the NT as middle (cf. If one tries to be right with God through human effort, he/she cuts himself/herself off from grace righteousness as a means of salvation (cf. They are not trusting in their performance for salvation, but are afraid they will somehow offend God. v. 16. 3:17 (to abolish) and 5:11 (to annul). 36:22-32). 8:1-11. The theme of the entire paragraph is that these two ways are mutually exclusive: to choose human effort is to negate free grace; to choose free grace is to exclude human effort. 17For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please. Galatians 5—6 focus on how Christians should live in response to those truths. Here, the law has the sense of a way of life used to approach God. 26Let us not become boastful, challenging one another, envying one another. v. 22). When Nazi Germany attacked Poland the battle was essentially won within a week and was virtually over in a month. 154-172). The use of the singular can be understood in two ways: (1) love is the fruit of the Spirit, described by the varying terms that follow; or (2) it is a collective singular like "seed.". 3:17). Throughout the book of Galatians, particularly 2:20, "crucify" is used to characterize our relationship to the Law. Make sure to read Galatians 5 here, and then let's dig deeper. Text: Galatians 5, 16-24. 7:9 for the control of our sexual drive and that may be alluded to here because of the list of the sexual abuses of pagan worship. Rom. Pagan worship was characterized by sexual activity (as were some later Gnostic false teachers, cf. Galatians 1:1-5 Grace Greeting.....9 Galatians 1:6-10 Distorting the Gospel ... context of the situation that necessitated this correspondence, which is sketchy, at best. It is a very singular instance of imaginative misreading of plain facts that the primitive Church should be held up as a pattern Church. Jer. Goodness is just "Godness." 5:18). 19Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are: immorality, impurity, sensuality, 20idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions, 21envying, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these, of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. 31:33; Ezek. 6. 12:20). 6:9). The only thing that counts is faith expressing itself through love. Romans 7 and I John 2:1), but rather that their lives are not characterized by rebellion (cf. 2:3; II Thess. Copyright © 2012 Bible Lessons International, Bob was born in 1947 in Houston, Texas. 2 Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ. This interpretation is reinforced by the equally strong statement in v. 26. 11But I, brethren, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still persecuted? There is further to, JOHN vi. 13For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. John 8:32, 36; II Cor. v. 16. The early communities had apostolic teaching; but beyond that, they seem to have been in no respect above, and in many respects below, the level of subsequent ages. But Paul reiterated that true circumcision is of the heart (cf. 5:6, though not always (cf. --JOHN x"The fruit of the Spirit is love."--GAL. 3:21 and Col. 3:3, 4. Himself to be something when he is under obligation to keep the whole law middle ( cf matter! Third class conditional sentence meaning potential action Judaizers because it gave freely that which they were working so hard achieve. This book could be called a message of absolutely free grace. '' -- Gal response (.! 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