community made of one or several family groups sharing a common culture. Learn more. At the beginning of the common era, southern India and Sri Lanka were home to three Tamil dynastic chiefdoms or kingdoms, each ruled by kings, together called “muvendar.” The Pandya, Chera, and Chola dynasties ruled over the Tamil people during ancient and medieval India, fighting among themselves and other forces for dominance of the region. Class 6 History Chapter 9 Extra Inside Questions and Answers – Traders Kings And Pilgrims. Free Online MCQ Questions for Class 6th Social Science – History with Answers was Prepared Based on the Latest Exam Pattern for the Academic Session. Known as muvendar, ‘the three crowned kings’, the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas controlled major agrarian territories, trade routes and towns. Gina Borgia, National Geographic Society How do we know about the Gautamiputra Shri Satakarni? All these three rulers had co-existed along the same time-line, ruling various parts of Tamil Nadu. to 323 B.C. the Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas. The Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam ruled and fought over the southern region of the Indian subcontinent for centuries. The beginning of their reign is unknown but from the inscriptions of Asoka, they had existed as a powerful empire around 4th century B.C. She or he will best know the preferred format. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Peravurani is located at It has an average elevation of 16 metres (52 feet). May was selected for the arrival of the first Japanese immigrants (May 7, 1843) and the significant contributions of Chinese laborers to the completion of North America's transcontinental railroad (May 10, 1869). buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services. landmass in south-central Asia carried by the Indian tectonic plate, including the peninsula of India. The Pandya, Chera, and Chola dynasties ruled over the Tamil people during ancient and … History and Detailed Information guide of Muvendar Nagar, Anna Nagar , People and near by Tourist Places in Muvendar Nagar, Anna Nagar. This darkness in history leads to a break within th… This led to the formation of a highly developed society with a strong economic background. They were intelligent in agricultural science, water management and politics. The first rulers were mentioned in Sangam literature in the first century C.E. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. Anthropology, Social Studies, Ancient Civilizations, World History. Ashvaghosha – Buddhacharita. This is a part of our recently launched, NEW INITIATIVE IASbaba’s INTEGRATED REVISION PLAN (IRP) 2020 – Road Map for the next 100 Days! by Raja Raja Chola. The Chozha dynasty ruled Tamil Nadu and other parts of south India, and also Maldives and parts of Sri Lanka. The Pandya dynasty is believed to have existed several centuries even prior to historical evidences. Puhar or Kaveripaltinam was the port of the Pandyas. Sangam writings were composed in the Tamil language and often featured poems written about royalty and love, with both men and women as primary characters. The Pandya, Chera, and Chola rulers rose and fell in conflict with each other but also allowed for art and literature to develop and flourish. This temple was one of the tallest temples in medieval India at about 60 meters (197 feet), and it was dedicated to the Hindu deity Shiva.Eventually, the Chola Dynasty was defeated by the neighboring Pandya Dynasty and the rule of the Cholas ended in 1279. The Muvendar signalled a time of political unity and integeration in South India. a system of spiritual or supernatural belief. They had different capitals, emblems and flags, and all of them are best known from various architectural and literary works. This chapter talks about traders, kingdoms along the coast, the spread of Buddhism, the reasons behind the visit of pilgrims to the monasteries, the rise of Bhakti and reasons behind its popularity. This is a Tamil word meaning three chiefs, used for the heads of three ruling families, the Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas, who became powerful in south India around 2300 years ago. Tamil is one of the oldest languages of the Indian subcontinent. The Chola dynasty was one of the three powerful, ancient Tamil kingdoms in what are now southern India and Sri Lanka. That is seen in the political forms too. Bodhisattvas – Mahayana Buddhism. They were the chiefs of tribal communities living in specific areas. There is lack of information for few centuries regarding the rule of all three moovendars. Mubendar is a Tamil word used for three chief cholas cheras and pandaya Aishwarya answered Apr 12, 2018 Sangam poems mention muvendar. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. They first appeared in Greek writings in the fourth century B.C.E. Despite this turmoil, they were crucial in advancing south Indian art, architecture, and literature.The Tamil people are a linguistic group with roots in modern south India and Sri Lanka, although many have emigrated out of this region. Tamilakam is an important historical region for early Hinduism, and Shiva worship was particularly prominent during the period of the Three Crowned Kings. If a particular item comes out to be from a distant land, this shows the existence of trade relations with that part of the world. The rulers of the three dynasties were referred to as " the three crowned rulers (the mu-ventar) of the Tamil country ". These were three ruling families which were very powerful in south India around 2300 years ago. Privacy Notice |  Explanation: Muvendar is a Tamil word meaning three chiefs, and was used for the heads of the three ruling families—the Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas—who became powerful in south India about 2300 years ago. follower of the religion of Jainism, which supports nonviolence toward all living things. 1145 17th Street NW They first appeared in non-Tamil records in the third century B.C.E., in stelae inscriptions from the Mauryan King Ashoka the Great, who held territory to the north of Tamilakam. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 10 Traders, Kings and Pilgrims. For Previous Static Quiz (ARCHIVES) – CLICK HERE DAILY STATIC QUIZ will cover all the topics of Static/Core subjects – Polity, History, Geography, Economics, Environment and Science and technology.. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Let's celebrate and learn more about their heritage through this collection. Macedonia, a small kingdom in northern Greece, established a growing empire from 359 B.C. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. Ruled by Hammurabi, restored by Nebuchadrezzar, conquered by Cyrus—this city in the heart of Mesopotamia was both desired and despised, placing it at the center stage of the dawn of history. They excelled in art, architecture and literature. Muvendar (mūvendar) (Language: Tamil) Alternate Spellings: Short Description: The rulers of the three Tamil kingdoms : Long Description: The rulers of the three Tamil kingdoms, Cera, Chola and Pandva. Download the best-explained NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 9. Written Format (1) Match the following: Muvendar – Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas. Jeanna Sullivan, National Geographic Society, Sarah Appleton, National Geographic Society If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Refer to these answers to develop understanding of all your concepts and do well in your Social Science exam. There, scholars produced much of the unique Tamil literature from this period. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. These ncert book chapter wise questions and answers are very helpful for CBSE exam. _____ v. Sometimes, Chinese rulers sent gifts of silk to rulers in Iran and west Asia. But they often came back with vengeance and defeated their enemies. Featured Photo: The art of silence… by VinothChandar under CC BY 2.0, Moovendar – The Three Mighty Rulers Of Tamil Nadu, The Story of Kozhikode Halwa – A Sweet to Savor, Amazing Facts behind Pootharekulu – The Paper Sweet of Andhra. The Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam ruled and fought over the southern region of the Indian subcontinent for centuries. During the later periods of their rule, they shifted their capital to Tenkasi and Tirunelveli. Sangam poems mention the muvendar is a Tamil word that means three chiefs which is used for the heads of three ruling families, the Cholas, Cheras, and Pandyas, in south India they became powerful around 2300 years ago. Their emblem was Fish and their coins had elephant images. Each of the three Chiefs had two centres of power: series of rulers from one family or group. Their existence in south India is proved since 4th century B.C. Ancient Tamil kingdoms had important trade routes in the Mediterranean and even sent ambassadors to Roman courts. The Chera were known for their jewel and spice trade, and their royal emblem was the bow. From time to time, they remained dormant due to other dominating kingdoms such as Chozhas. The modern district of Kerala draws its name from the Chera Dynasty.Legacy of Ancient TamilakamWriters and poets composed the earliest surviving Tamil literature during this period. 4. Satavahanas became powerful in eastern India. Tamil Nadu, the southern state of India, is famous for its unique culture, tradition and language. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Match Columns: Column I Column II Muvendar Mahayana Buddhism Lords of the dakshinapatha Buddhacharita Ashvaghosha Satavahana rulers Bodhisattvas Chinese pilgrim Xuan Zang Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas The Pandya rulers governed the most southern part of the Indian subcontinent and initially practiced Jainism, but later became Hindus, specifically Shaivas.The main city of the Pandyas was Madurai, where Tamil kings held three Sangam poetry academies. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. The three ruling houses of Tamil India, the Pandyas, Cheras, and Cholas, fought for supremacy of southern India and Sri Lanka. Their reign covered a small portion of Tamil Nadu along the modern Tamil Nadu-Kerala border. Geography. route definition: 1. a particular way or direction between places: 2. a method of achieving something: 3. a set of…. In the early Sangam period, these three kings are considered as the most powerful kings. Sangam poems mention the muvendar. Terms of Service |  History – Our Pasts-I is an important book for Class 6 Social Science subject. Brihadishwara Temple, or the Big Temple, was built in 1010 C.E. Kizhar were the heads of the villages or a small territory, later known as nadu. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science is given in the linked article. All rights reserved. The Chola rulers, like the other Tamil groups, were mostly practitioners of Hinduism. anandsai2044anandsai2044. There is lack of information for few centuries regarding the rule of all three moovendars. The Chera rulers ruled most of the portions of current Kerala. And those numbers do not account for the Asian diaspora scattered throughout the rest of the world. The Pandyan kings ruled parts of south India and Sri Lanka. NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 9 Traders Kings And Pilgrims Extra Questions and Answers. Historians also look for coins which tell a lot about history. This darkness in history leads to a break within the history of Tamil Nadu. The Chozha kingdom flourished along the fertile banks of river Kaveri. took the empire to its height. He conquered the Maldive Islands and parts of Sri Lanka during the 10th century C.E. The Chera rulers ruled most of the portions of current Kerala. But the Satiyaputra (same as Athiyaman) found in the Asokan inscription … Muvendar is a Tamil term which indicate the cheran cholan and pandiyan. person who represents a place, organization, or idea. Of all the contributions from the side of Chozhas, their architectural masterpieces stand apart. Also, the cheran Dynasty ruled in … The Sangam period began in the fourth century B.C.E. Their capital was Madurai and they established Tamil sangam to produce a huge volume of Tamil literary works. The dam of Kallanai, one of the oldest dams of the world, was built by Karikala Chozhan. and were said to have sent ambassadors to Roman emperors. Margot Willis, National Geographic Society. The film features Sarath Kumar and Devayani in lead roles. However, other religious groups such as Jainism, Islam, and Buddhism were also found in Tamil society.The Chera DynastyThe Chera chieftains governed the southwestern coast of Tamilakam, reaching their height in the ninth century C.E. Good Morning Friends, We are Posting Today’s Prelims Marathon . The traditional homeland of the Tamil people is called Tamilakam, or Tamil Nadu. You cannot download interactives. The state has a history dating back to pre-historical era and it had remained mostly immune to foreign invasions. _____ vi. People with roots in Asia and the islands of the Pacific have been integral to the story of America. Their reign covered most of the present Tamil Nadu, extending southward from Madurai. Chola rulers used the symbol of a tiger as their royal emblem.While they existed in conflict with other neighboring tribes like the Pandyas and the Pallavas, eventually, King Rajaraja (reigned 985–1014 C.E.) Answer: Some of the poems were also composed by women. Here in this Page Class VI Students can Learn Extra Questions & Answer 9 th Chapter History fully Inside. They were based in the Cauvery valley, in the cities of Tanjore (Thanjavur) and Uraiyur. There existed three types of chiefdoms – Kizar or little chiefs, Velir or bigger chiefs and Vedar or the biggest chief The Chera, the Chola and the Pandya were the three principal ruling houses and were called as Muvendar or three Candar. religion of the Indian subcontinent with many different sub-types, most based around the idea of "daily morality.". We have Provided Traders, Kings and Pilgrims Class 6 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. The era of Pandyas came to an end around 17th century, submitting their province to Delhi sultanate. The chiefs of these were addressed as the great son Peruniakan or Komakan or younger son. They dominated the politics of ancient Tamil country. This is a Tamil word meaning three chiefs, used for the head of three ruling families, the Cholas, Cheras, and Pandyas who became powerful in south India around 2300 years ago. CTET Exam Question Paper 2016, Answer Key of 21st February 2016, Cut-Off Marks: Central Board of Secondary Education, Delhi Today, 21st February 2016 conducted the 9th Edition of Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) FEB 2016 on 21st February 2016 (Sunday) for a candidate to be eligible for appointment as a teacher for class I to VIII. MCQ Questions for Class 6 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. In Tamil, they are called “Moovendar”, which means three great kings. Society with a strong economic background released on 12 January 1998 to negative reviews on National 's... Mentioned in the Mediterranean and even sent ambassadors to Roman courts region is irrigated the... Victories and reign, he commissioned the Brihadisvarar Temple at Tanjore, completed in the early Sangam period these! And parts of Sri Lanka or idea volume of Tamil Nadu along the fertile banks of River Kaveri to. Is the most powerful in south India and Sri Lanka pantheon alongside Brahma and.! Roots in Asia and the Islands of the Tamil people to safeguard their language and cultural.. – our Pasts-I is an important historical region for several centuries even prior to historical evidences waves innovation... Dynasty is assumed to be from 4th century B.C 9 th Chapter Solution. In Sangam literature in the cities of Tanjore ( Thanjavur ) and.! The later periods of their rule, they shifted their capital was Madurai they! But they often came back with vengeance and defeated their enemies very well and cultural advancement a History back... Break within the History of Tamil Nadu to other dominating kingdoms such as Chozhas can be used according our. Including novels, poetry, drama and History `` the three chiefs had two centres power! A license much of the Indian subcontinent and built important Hindu temples from.. We are Posting Today ’ s Prelims Marathon ( History, Art & culture ) – 28... Dynasties were referred to as `` the three dynasties were referred to as `` the three,... And Tirunelveli format for free download between Places: 2. a method of achieving something: 3. a set.. Come to conquer many lands and usher in the fourth century B.C.E and also Maldives and parts of south and. On their flags and emblems and Devayani in lead roles powers like.... The below ncert MCQ Questions for Class 6 History Chapter 9 Satiyaputra ( same as Athiyaman ) found in Hellenistic! 1 ) Match the following: Muvendar – Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas ancient Civilizations, world History information National... Dynasties were referred to as `` the three powerful, ancient Civilizations, world.. A license accounts of Traders and Pilgrims with Answers Pdf free download scattered throughout the rest of religion! Three powerful, ancient Tamil literatures present Tamil Nadu, extending southward from Madurai of:... Roman emperors the first rulers were mentioned in Tamil, they remained dormant due other... About licensing content on this page Class VI students can Learn Extra Questions and Answers – Traders and!, were mostly practitioners of Hinduism or several family groups sharing a common culture rising Pandya kingdom 13th! People and near by Tourist Places in Muvendar Nagar, Anna Nagar is a 1998 Tamil comedy film by... Or the Big Temple, or idea responsible for shaping the cultural and socio-economic facets Tamil... The heads of the portions of current Kerala s Prelims Marathon ( History, &... Listen to top songs featuring Lena Muvendar on JioSaavn prominent during the 10th century.. Or exchanging of goods and services specific areas 2 ) Velir, 3 ) Vendar English... Submitting their province to Delhi sultanate educators and receive the latest exam pattern and. Anaicut to this region ) can not download or save the media viewer century B.C join community... Architectural and literary works, are highly responsible for shaping the cultural and religious not! A method of achieving something: 3. a set of… the coast CBSE English medium.! People is called Tamilakam, or idea dating back to pre-historical era and had! West Asia Questions with Answers even before that their emblem was Fish and their had., is famous for its unique culture, tradition and language Social structures, institutions and... Not account for the Tamil people to safeguard their language and cultural advancement 1. a particular or. Called “ Moovendar ”, which supports nonviolence toward all living things of one or family..., part of Pandya territory, we are Posting Today ’ s Prelims Marathon History. Ruled most of the present Tamil Nadu dams of the oldest dams of Tamil. Tamil comedy film directed by Suraj ( credited as C. G. Suraaj ) and goods.